With Bristol Pest Control
Rat Control Done Differently!
Avoid the traditional cycle of Bait – Stink – Flies – Repeat!
“UNIQUE INSPECTIONS“. Drains, wall cavities, roof voids, cellars and Kitchens are all considered with our unique inspection methodology.
Everything we do focusses on formulating a lasting solution to your rat problem.
What Diseases Do Rats Transmit?
Rat-borne diseases and parasites represent a significant public health threat. Those Most At-Risk Include Children, Pregnant Women, The Elderly and people Convalescing.
Salmonella – Severe and sometimes fatal food poisoning.
Tularemia – If bitten by a rat this bacteria can attack your immune system and lungs.
Leptospirosis – Weil’s disease – a notifiable disease, leading to multi-organ failure and death.
E.coli 0157 – This frightening disease from rat faeces causes renal failure and intestinal bleeding.
Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis – Viral Meningitis that starts off innocently like the flue.
Plague – Very rare in this country, but still reported.
How Rats Spread Diseases And Parasites
The Most Common Routes Of Disease Transmission Include:
Biting – you, your children, family, pets or livestock
Urine & Droppings – Infecting groceries and work surfaces with urine and over 30 droppings each per night
Being eaten – by your pets
Contaminating – pets and your pet’s food and water
Spreading – blood-sucking parasites like fleas and mites
Contaminating – particularly when they fall into water supply tanks
Key Features Of The Brown Rat:
Diseases Include; Bubonic Plague, Typhus and Weil’s Disease.
Life Span: 1 – 2 Years
Length (body only): 15 – 25 cm (body only) – up to 45cm including tail
Weight: over 500g when mature
Colour: brown, charcoal
Sexual Maturity: 4 – 6 Weeks
Gestation Period: 21 days
Number of litters: 8 per year
Number of young: 6 – 12 per litter
Diet: They are Omnivores, feeding on almost anything.
Daily food: 25 – 50g
Daily water intake: 100ml per 100g
Where Do Rats Come From?
Research suggests that Brown Rats in the UK originated in northern China over a million years ago. These rats also developed a relationship with human populations, a relationship that has endured for millennia.
The Introduction into the UK is believed to have occurred via ships from the far east in the 1600s, but this is difficult to substantiate.
Today brown rats are found in almost every corner of the globe except the Arctic and Antarctic regions.
How To Get Rid Of Rats In Bristol
Rats are controlled and eliminated in two ways. The first and most traditional method is to manage populations with lethal control. The second and least popular method is exclusion and environmental control. So what’s the difference?
Popular methods of lethal rat control include; Trapping (cages, snap-traps, glue boards), Poisoning (bait, liquid feeds, contact poisons) and Shooting (air-weapon, fire-arms, shot-gun).
The best methods of environmental rat control include; Proofing/Exclusion (preventing rats entering an area) or Line of sight (ensuring the elimination of all sources of cover, concealment and encouragement).
Successful control demands that a variety of these methods are married together. Only by using a combined and integrated methodology will it be possible to control rats successfully in the longer term.
Why Rat Poison Doesn’t Always Work
Rat poison is the most widely used form of lethal control in the UK. Local councils provide this service and over 90% of pest controllers will offer you the same solution.
poison baits have some significant limitations – namely; it’s outdated and used only because it is quick and cheap to deploy. In most cases, it will have customers coming back in a few months for more of the same.
Yes, it sounds crazy but seriously – rats don’t just parachute in or appear out of the blue. Rats are smart animals that use our homes for a few key reasons – food, shelter and water.
If we only use bait as a solution, you are never actually tackling the source of the problem and this is bad news for you, your wallet and your home!
When Neighbours Have Rats!
The fact remains that adjoining properties might not share your proactive stance, and in time the rodent population will return despite all your efforts and investments.
It might be in five minutes or five years, but eventually, they will return – and you must be ready for them!
Terraced and semi-detached houses together with flats are some of the hardest to help where the source of the problem is not on or in your property.
Most people eventually sell their homes and move out quietly without raising concerns or costly and emotionally charged disputes with neighbours that can seriously affect the properties value.
Inherited Rat Infestations
Our research showed that a little over 80% of the properties we visited had rat problems before purchase.
The scale of this rat epidemic highlights how pervasive this issue has become. We sympathise with how hopeless people feel when the only solutions offered by pest control companies is bait and traps!
Eliminating rats is a complicated task. The best scenario is to always focus on controlling the rodent population as close to its source as possible.
Drain faults and building faults are by far the most common routes of rat entry into our homes. Structural repairs and proofing by experts like ourselves can solve a rat problem for good.
Rat poison and rat trapping have their place, but repairs and proofing are always preferable because they solve the problem and don’t just subdue it.
How To Identify A Rat Burrow
Rat holes or burrows are very distinctive.
Rat burrows are usually about 50-100mm in diameter. Burrows in regular use will have a very smooth and rounded edge at the entry point.
If the rats have burrowed up, then the hole will have no excavated debris around it. It could indicate a possible drain fault below.
If burrows have been surrounded by mounds of excavated debris, then it’s likely the problem stem from issues above ground.
How Many Rats Are In My House?
Rats enter properties through open doors and windows. So it’s sometimes a single rat causing the problems!
Bait and traps should deal with this scenario quickly. If rats remain active beyond 30 days it’s likely you have bigger challenges and costs ahead of you.
The very worst rat infestations reside in properties for decades, affecting many different owners. Residents will likely leave the property because of the seemingly unsolvable rat problem.
Burning questions include “how many rats do I have”? and “Where are they coming from”?
Here are some pointers; if you have droppings of different sizes, it’s more likely you have a large number of rats.
If rat bait is taken, but you have no smell, then it’s more likely the rats have left the building through a fault in an underground drain or some other gap in the fabric of the building.
Anytime you have free access for rodents to enter the property, they will eventually populate that property.
What surprises many people is the phenomenon of rats using the wall cavities, underfloor voids and roof spaces as a toilet!
Urban rats in Bristol often come in to use the loo. We removed 25Kg of rat droppings from beneath a small kitchen.
We carry out dozens of drain inspections every year and find drain faults to be the biggest problem in almost every case, certainly over 90%.
Drain faults are so common, neglected and overlooked that eight in every ten of our customers inherits rats the previous occupants knew about.
That means you have less than a 20% chance of solving your rat problem without drain remediation! To learn more about our rat control services, please visit The Bristol Rat Company.